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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental health condition characterised by a number of chronic issues, including trouble paying attention, hyperactivity, and impulsive conduct. Adult ADHD can cause unstable relationships, poor work or performance, low self-esteem, and a variety of other issues. People with ADHD may appear agitated, have difficulty concentrating, and act on impulse.

Symptoms usually begin in childhood and continue into adulthood. ADHD symptoms can appear at a young age and grow more obvious as a child's circumstances change, such as when they start school. Where instances of ADHA are diagnosed in children, it is usually between the ages of 3 and 7.

However, most cases of ADHD are diagnosed when a person is an adult. Adult ADHD symptoms may not be as obvious as children's ADHD symptoms. Hyperactivity in adults may lessen, but impulsivity, restlessness, and difficulties paying attention may persist.

Additional issues, like as sleep and anxiety difficulties, may be present in people with ADHD.

What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

Almost everyone experiences ADHD-like symptoms at some point in their lives. If your symptoms are new or have only happened sporadically in the past, you are unlikely to have ADHD. Only when symptoms are severe enough to cause problems in more than one area of your life is ADHD diagnosed. These unpleasant symptoms can be traced all the way back to childhood. Many adults who were diagnosed with the disorder as a child continue to have issues. that interfere with everyday lives. Adults with ADHD may experience difficulties paying attention, impulsivity, and restlessness. The signs and symptoms might be modest to severe.

Many people with ADHD aren't even aware that they have it; all they know is that regular chores are difficult for them. Adults with ADHD may have trouble focusing and prioritising, which can lead to missed deadlines and forgotten meetings or social activities. The inability to manage impulses can manifest itself in a variety of ways, from irritation when waiting in line or driving in traffic to mood swings and angry outbursts.

Because certain ADHD symptoms are similar to those caused by other conditions, such as anxiety or mood disorders, diagnosing ADHD in adults can be difficult. Many adults with ADHD also suffer from another mental health problem, such as depression or anxiety.

How does ADHD affect you?

You may find life challenging if you have ADHD. The following factors have been related to ADHD:

  • Poor academic or professional performance
  • Unemployment
  • Financial difficulties
  • Substance abuse
  • Car accidents or other types of incidents on a regular basis
  • Unstable relationships
  • Health issues, both physical and mental
  • Low self-esteem
  • Suicide attempts

What causes ADHD?

The specific cause of ADHD is unknown, but the following are some of the factors that may play a role in the development of ADHD:

  • Premature birth (before the 37th week of pregnancy)
  • During your mother's pregnancy, she smoked, drank alcohol, or used drugs
  • Hereditary as studies suggest that ADHD / ADD can run in families
  • Problems with the central nervous system at critical stages of development
  • Childhood exposure to environmental pollutants, such as lead, which was mostly present in paint and pipes in older buildings
  • More common in people who have learning difficulties, although ADHD can affect persons of any intelligence level

When to seek treatment

You must have multiple symptoms, not just one or two, to be diagnosed with ADHD. They must have had an impact on your employment, relationships, or other significant aspects of your life. Your health professional will also want to rule out any other illnesses and determine if you have multiple disorders.

Several treatments are available to assist you in managing your illness. If you have several ADHD symptoms, and you hare experiencing difficulties at work, in relationships or other areas of your life, schedule an appointment with a health professional. The sooner you discover if you suffer from ADHD, the sooner you may begin treatment.

Symptoms and diagnosis

There isn't a single test that can be used to determine if you have ADHD. Instead, health professionals establish what symptoms you have, how many you have, when they began, how long they've been present, and how severe they are.

Your health professional will also take into account if ADHD is having impact on your employment, relationships, or other significant aspects of your life. Your health professional will also want to rule out any other illnesses and determine if you have multiple disorders.

Symptoms of ADHD include:

You may experience difficulties with:

  • Disorganization and prioritisation issues
  • Time management issues, difficulty focusing on a task, and multitasking issues
  • Excessive activity or restlessness are two examples of excessive activity
  • Low tolerance for frustration due to poor planning
  • Mood fluctuations that occur frequently
  • Concentrating and finishing assignments
  • Complying with directions
  • Anger issues
  • Coping with stress and anxiety
  • Agitated or impatient
  • Risk-taking and impulsiveness
  • Struggles with social contact or relationships

Although ADHD does not cause other psychological or developmental issues, it is common for other diseases to coexist with ADHD, making treatment more difficult. These are some of them:

  • Mood problems
  • Depression, bipolar illness, or another mood disease affects many individuals with ADHD
  • While mood problems aren't always caused by ADHD, a pattern of failures and frustrations caused by the disorder can exacerbate depression
  • Anxiety disorders are a type of anxiety condition. Anxiety issues are common among individuals with ADHD. Anxiety disorders can manifest itself in the form of excessive concern, uneasiness, and other symptoms. Anxiety can be exacerbated by the difficulties and setbacks that come with ADHD
  • Other psychiatric problems, such as personality disorders, intermittent explosive disorder, and substance use disorders, are more common in adults with ADHD
  • Learning impairments are a type of learning disability. Adults with ADHD may find it difficult to concentrate

Types of ADHD

There are three primary types of ADHD that may be diagnosed, and knowing which one you have is crucial to getting the correct treatment.

Hyperactive and Impulsive Type ADHD

If you have hyperactive ADHD you feel compelled to move constantly, talking nonstop, interrupting others, blurting out replies, and lacking in self-control.

Inattentive Type ADHD

Previously known as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). You have trouble sustaining concentration, following specific directions, and coordinating tasks and activities, and make careless mistakes. You have a poor working memory, are quickly distracted by outside stimuli, and frequently misplace items.

Combined Type ADHD

You have symptoms of inattention as well as symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity.

Support for ADHD

Where recovery from ADHD doesn't come naturally, professional assistance is sometimes required.

If you're having trouble coping with ADHD, you should see a mental health professional or your primary care physician.

There are also smartphone applications, such as MindDoc, that may help you keep track of your symptoms and emotional wellbeing.