Scoliosis & kyphosis
It can sometimes be determined from the very first glance during childhood. Other times, lateral crookedness of the spinal column with twisting (scoliosis) or lateral bending of the spinal column (kyphosis) is first discovered during puberty.
The spinal column, the central supportive and movement organ of the body, has a set structure. It is precisely designed, whether looking from the front or from behind. If the frontal plane of the precisely put-together spinal column becomes crooked or bent, pain can occur during everyday movements.
Schoen Clinic specialises in deformities and misalignment of the back and we provide a personalised and tailored range of treatments if you suffer from scoliosis and kyphosis.
What is scoliosis?
A crooked back with twisting when viewed from the front or from behind (scoliosis) often occurs in children or adolescents and involves the lateral bending of one or more sections of the spinal column. This can clearly be noticed when looking at the back from behind, the spine twists around its own axis. There is typically also a deviation from the normal profile of the corresponding spinal column segments when viewed from the side. Scoliosis may occur in the thoracic or lumbar spine region but it can also develop in both regions or connecting regions. Scoliosis can never be fully straightened out, actively or passively. In the advanced stages, the affected section becomes more and more stiff.
Scoliosis often occurs alongside kyphosis (a “hunched back”). This involves lateral bending of the cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine. However, it can also affect the full spinal column.
Causes: how does scoliosis and kyphosis occur?
There are two types of scoliosis: the so-called idiopathic form where the cause is not known and scoliosis due to an existing underlying disease. This can include, congenital misalignment of the spine and muscle or nerve disorders. Connecting tissue or metabolism disorders can also play a role. Most cases, however, involve idiopathic scoliosis. This occurs in childhood or adolescence and frequently advances during puberty.
Kyphosis can also be inherited. It can otherwise occur after an accident, surgery or a tumour. Even misalignments and disorders such as Scheuermann’s disorder, osteoporosis and chronic joint inflammation can cause kyphosis.
Scoliosis symptoms: signs indicating a disorder
- In children, typically only triggers physical pain in rare cases. One exception, for example, is a measurable reduction in lung function due to severe crookedness
- In the later stages of the disorder, the malformation and asymmetry of the torso often causes psychological or psychosocial distress as patients are shamed for their appearance
- In adults, the long-term deformity and incorrect load-bearing
- The crooked region of the spinal column sometimes stiffens, limiting movement
- Severe scoliosis in adults causes malformation and shortening of the torso and therefore also a reduction in the chest and stomach cavities. This can noticeably impair internal organs such a
- A shortness of breath or even heart problems
Kyphosis symptoms: signs indicating a disorder
- Pain in the region of the crooked thoracic spine. It can also lead to breathing difficulties, circulation issues and feelings of numbness in the arms and legs
- Bladder or bowel function can also be disturbed
- Reduction in movement, and sleeping disorders can also occur
- If a humpback forms, issues may occur in the bordering spinal column regions, the affected spinal segmented may be worn down faster and pain and functional issues may be present
- Pronounced kyphosis, with visual axis loss, swallowing problems and sometimes even neurological failures, alongside the cosmetic aspects, reduces patients’ quality of life
- Risk involved when chronic rebuilding processes and eventually nerve damages occur due to the constant pressure on the spinal cord with kyphosis. This can lead to functional failures and par
Suspected scoliosis or kyphosis? our targeted diagnostics provide conclusive evidence
In the initial stages of scoliosis or kyphosis, only a few of those affected have physical complaints. Typically, the disorder first occurs at the start of, or during puberty. However, it is crucial to identify the start of scoliosis or kyphosis: the earlier idiopathic scoliosis or kyphosis occurs in childhood or adolescence, the more this incorrect growth progresses.