Does my child have an eating disorder?
Eating disorders commonly develop from the age of 14. This is a time when young people are becoming more independent and parents often have less control over the food they eat.
It can also be a time when your relationship with your child goes through many changes, often resulting in difficult conflicts. Equally, your child may become more distant from you.
It can be difficult to know whether changes in your child’s behaviour are the result of normal teenage development, or whether they are signs of an eating disorder.
“My son has lost over a stone and become very distant and moody. But my friend says he is just a normal teenage boy.”
What is an eating disorder?
An eating disorder is not primarily about food and weight. Eating disorders develop when a person becomes dependent upon food to cope with difficult feelings and emotions.
“I felt I had lost all control in my life. My friends had moved on and I wasn’t doing well at school. Losing weight was the one thing I could do – food became the one thing I could control.”
There are two main different types of eating disorder:
Anorexia involves severely restricting what you eat in order to lose weight. Sufferers lose a large amount of weight but believe themselves to be fat and have a great fear of putting on weight. The intensity of this fear is profound and usually described as a phobia of normal body weight ie an irrational fear, not of being fat, but of being a normal weight.
People with anorexia can either be restrictive – they restrict their calorie intake and engage in excessive exercise or bulimic, eating a large amount of food at once then inducing vomiting.
Bulimia involves eating large amounts of food, then making yourself sick so your body does not absorb the food. Bulimia involves binge eating but at normal body weight. It occurs at an average age of 18.
All eating disorders are likely to change the way you live your life. Your child is likely to become more withdrawn, secretive and have sudden mood swings.
What are the signs that my child has an eating disorder?
Eating disorders are complex problems which are expressed in behaviour, emotions and have a physical impact upon the sufferer’s body. Signs will vary for each type of disorder and every individual is different. However, if your child displays a large proportion of the physical, behavioural and psychological signs, he or she may have an eating disorder.
Sudden/severe weight loss
Secretive and distant
Intense fear of gaining weight ie a phobia of being a normal weight
Wearing baggy clothes
Frequent references to “being fat”
Lying about eating meals
Mood swings and emotional
Eating large quantities without gaining weight
Depression, anxiety and anger
Vomiting after eating/going to the toilet immediately after eating
Feelings of loss of control which extend to other parts of life
Sensitive or damaged teeth
What should I do if I think my child has an eating disorder?
It's important to open an honest and judgement-free conversation. Be aware that your child may deny having a problem if you're concerned that they have an eating disorder or an unhealthy relationship with food. People with eating disorders typically try to hide it and find it hard to admit they need help.
Speak with your GP and write down your main worries before the visit. The GP will conduct an evaluation, and if they determine that your child requires specialised care, they'll be able to give you a referral to a specialist, like those at Schoen Clinic. Depending on the type of eating disorder and the symptoms, there are numerous treatment options. Treatment options may involve family and individual counselling as well as food modification to address underlying emotional issues.
The young person may need to spend some time in a hospital or a special facility where therapy may be more carefully monitored if they have lost a significant amount of weight or if other help seems to be failing them.
Schoen Clinic specialists are here to help
Schoen Clinic Newbridge
Schoen Clinic Newbridge offers highly specialised inpatient treatment for children and young people (8-18 years) and a specialised outpatient service for young people (12-25 years) experiencing eating disorders and their associated problems. Welcoming NHS and private patients.
Schoen Clinic Chelsea
Schoen Clinic Chelsea is a leading London outpatient clinic in the heart of Chelsea.
Offering a specialised day treatment programme for children and young people (11-17 years) with eating disorders, as well as fast one-to-one Consultant appointments for young people (6-17 years) and adults (18+).
Welcoming privately insured and self-funding patients.
Schoen Clinic York
Schoen Clinic York offers highly specialised inpatient treatment for adults (18 years +) with diagnosed eating disorders and their associated problems.
Welcoming NHS and private patients.