Causes: How does scoliosis and kyphosis occur?
There are two types of scoliosis: the so-called idiopathic form where the cause is not known and scoliosis due to an existing underlying disease. This can include, congenital misalignment of the spine and muscle or nerve disorders. Connecting tissue or metabolism disorders can also play a role. Most cases, however, involve idiopathic scoliosis. This occurs in childhood or adolescence and frequently advances during puberty.
Kyphosis can also be inherited. It can otherwise occur after an accident, surgery or a tumour. Even misalignments and disorders such as Scheuermann’s disorder, osteoporosis and chronic joint inflammation can cause kyphosis.