Carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Early morning pain or a “pins and needles” sensation in your hands can be very distressing and may be caused by carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).

What is CTS?

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common nerve entrapment which can occur in anyone but is more common in females over 40 years. The pain and numbness experienced is caused by pressure on the nerve.

Carpal tunnel syndrome: common symptoms

The symptoms of CTS are classically pain and “pins and needles” mainly affecting the thumb, index and middle fingers of the hand. This commonly occurs in the morning. There can be loss of sensation (numbness) and weakness.

Causes: how does CTS occur?

Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the median nerve is compressed at the wrist. The nerve passes through a tunnel and if there is increased pressure or swelling the nerve can become is compressed. In many cases there is no specific cause however, CTS can be made worse by overextending the wrist repeatedly and is frequently linked to medical conditions includeing pregnancy, thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes. 

How CTS is diagnosed

Your specialist will examine you and perform simple clinical tests in outpatients. One may also request nerve conduction studies which are also performed at Schoen Clinic.